QUASICRYSTALLINE STRUCTURES AND USES THEREOF

Web Published:
11/29/2011
Description:

Princeton University Invention # 06-2217

 

Researchers in the Department of Physics, Princeton University have developed an optical device known as an icosahedral photonic quasicrystal. The significance of such a device is that it makes it possible to control which bands of photons are passed through and which are blocked.  The studies performed at Princeton confirm that these devices may be excellent candidates for fully three-dimensional photonic band gap materials as published in Nature (see reference below).

 

The device developed at Princeton consists of a quasicrystalline array of two materials with different dielectric constants (or, equivalently, different indices of refraction), which are superior to conventional photonic crystals in numerous photonic  applications, including compact optical circuits, optical filters, efficient antenna substrates, mirrors, stealth mirrors, dielectric resonators, semi-conductors, patterned materials, photonic sensors  and incandescent lamps.

 

In the past, the best method for controlling and channeling light utilized a photonic crystal which has a periodic array of dielectric material, whereas the novel idea here is a photonic quasicrystal with quasiperiodic arrays instead. The novelty of a  quasiperiodic array is that it is possible to have other, more spherical symmetries  which facilitates the formation of nearly equal stopgaps in all directions.  For example, the icosahedral quasicrystal has the symmetry of a soccer ball.

 

This invention enables the use of quasicrystalline structures for optical, mechanical, electrical and magnetic purposes. In some cases the devices could also be used for manipulating, controlling, modulation and directing waves including electromagnetic, sound, spin, and surface waves, for a pre-selected range of wavelengths propagating in multiple directions.        

 

Princeton is currently seeking industrial collaboration to commercialize this technology. Patent protection is pending.

 

Publications:

Man, W., Megens, M., Steinhardt, P., Chaikin, P.M., Experimental measurement of the photonic properties of icosahedral quasicrystals, Nature, Vol. 436/18 August 2005.

  

For more information on Princeton University invention # 06-2217 please contact:

 

                        Laurie Tzodikov

                        Office of Technology Licensing and Intellectual Property

                        Princeton University

                        4 New South Building

                        Princeton, NJ 08544-0036

                        (609) 258-7256

                        (609) 258-1159 fax

                        tzodikov@princeton.edu

 

Patent Information:
For Information, Contact:
Laurie Tzodikov
Licensing Associates
Princeton University
tzodikov@Princeton.EDU
Inventors:
Paul Chaikin
Weining Man
Paul Steinhardt
Keywords: